Animated Poem Decomposition

Solve problems by decomposing them

Age: 7-11 years

Type: Scratch

Curriculum Links to: English

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In this activity pupils create an animation of a poem using Scratch. This can be a poem they are learning by heart, a poem they have written or a poem they are learning about. The focus of this lesson is on pupils learning about decomposition. Decomposition is breaking something down into smaller parts to help solve a problem or undertake a task. In this activity, decomposition is practised by pupils in three ways:

  • the task is broken down into parts (design, write and debug, perform);
  • the poem is broken down into its components (title, poet, poem, verses, lines);
  • the animation is broken down into features to be programmed (backgrounds, characters, movement, text displayed etc).


  • I can decompose a problem by:
    • Designing;
    • writing (including debugging);
    • and presenting a program.
  • I can decompose a poem.
  • I can decompose an animation.


  • Informal, teacher assessment of progress during main task, class discussions and plenary.
  • Formal, summative assessment of Scratch projects if required (note however these are completed in pairs).
  • Areas to focus on: Decomposition – breaking something down into its parts. Can pupils explain decomposition? Can they give examples? Can pupils use decomposition in their work? Can pupils explain how they used decomposition?


This lesson in your curriculum


  • Solve problems by decomposing them into smaller parts

(7-9 years)

  • Continuing to build up a repertoire of poems learnt by heart, appreciating these and reciting some, with appropriate intonation to make the meaning clear
  • Preparing poems and play scripts to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action

(9-11 years)

  • Learning a wider range of poetry by heart
  • Preparing poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience